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CBT Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Learning About Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) addresses morbid thoughts and feelings for the purpose of treating addiction and psychiatric disorders.

A classification of mental health counselling is cognitive-behavioural therapy which was founded in the 1960s by Dr. Aaron T. Beck.


Get The Resources You Need To Overcome Dependency

Defeating addiction calls for input from many people and the deployment of a lot of resources. You would be able to become sober and avoid the chances of a relapse by using inpatient and outpatient drug addiction treatment centres. Mental health therapists are available to educate you on the essential life techniques to sustain recovery.

Make adjustments now by getting a suitable medical facility.


They can get over any form of addiction by changing their mentality about it.


CBT is now an internationally accepted mode of treatment for addictions. CBT educates recovering addicts to establish connections between their thoughts, feelings and actions and to increase awareness about how these matters can have an impact on recovery.

Other mental health problems that can be addressed using this method include:

  • Nervousness
  • Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Various forms of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Eating disorders
  • Various forms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

There are many rehab centres that provide CBT and you can find one near you today.


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How Does Cbt Work

CBT clearly shows that a good deal of destructive emotions and actions are neither reasonable nor logical. Our environment and experiences in the past may be the cause of these actions and behaviours.

A recovering user may have certain negative thoughts that automatically come to mind and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy can help to identify them. A person's feelings play a very big part in the life of a person and their addiction. Trying to suppress the pain inflicted by these experiences people self-medicate with alcohol and drugs.


Being able to isolate these feelings and emotions and recognize what brings them on empowers the addicted person to fight the addiction.

These addiction can be gradually minimised if they address the past experiences and thoughts. Once they can cope with the issues without freaking out, they are then taught how to cultivate healthy habits in place of the substances they were addicted to.


Use Of Cbt In Addiction Treatment

It is Automatic negative thoughts that are often the major cause of various depressions and anxiety disorders, which commonly occur together with addiction.

This clearly indicates that the automatic thoughts within the mind can make an individual susceptible to drug abuse and alcoholism as well.

Triggers are situations that can "trigger" cravings within the individual throughout the day and keep many people who could be addicted from improving to remain sober. Based on the National Institute on Drug Abuse, CBT employs three keys to help those battling addiction resist triggers.


Alcoholism And Other Drugs Can Be Eliminated By Cbt Including

  • Aids the patient to take control of their life, rejecting past thoughts and beliefs that trigger low self-esteem and feelings of rejection.
  • Strengthen the patient with better ways of self-motivation.
  • CBT can show the recovering user how to communicate better.

Keys For Controlling Triggers

  • Recognise
  • Know the things that create an urge to use drugs or alcohol.
  • Avoid
  • Abstract oneself from trigger situations whenever it's possible.
  • Deal With Them (Cope)
  • The emotions and thoughts that lead to the abuse of substances can be elevated by using the techniques provided by CBT.

Patients can well practice CBT techniques even at the places other than the therapist's office. Engaging with others can help you practice some of the things that you learn at CBT.

Some of the self-help exercises taught in support groups such as SMART - Self Management and Recovery Training incorporate certain aspects of CBT.


Techniques Applied In Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

There are different practices that are used to overcome an addiction using CBT.

Some of these practices are:

  • Evaluation Of Thoughts
  • One way to overcome these behaviour is keeping in check your thoughts in order to avoid negative thinking.
  • The participants are supposed to evaluate their thoughts critically to see the downsides it is causing to their lives.
  • The aim is to help people switch to more balanced and less rough thoughts by taking stock of what they are thinking.

For example, a person may think that a supervisor at work doesn't think highly of them. I feel better when I drink, I'll take a drink right now " becomes " it is okay to make mistakes as now I know what not to do. My manager will appreciate that I am learning from my mistakes and heeding his or her advice. I can change without having to use alcohol."

  • Behavioural Experiments
  • Here the exercises involve comparing negative thoughts and positive thoughts to see which influence good behaviour more.
  • Where some people may respond to self-criticism, others may prefer self-kindness.
  • Behavioural experiments are just about understanding what works best for a particular individual to a situation.

For example, some people may drink less if they criticize themselves more while others may drink less if they encourage themselves more.

  • Imagery Based Exposure
  • Here, the patients are encouraged to remember something bad that happened before that causes them to feel terrible.
  • They write down every experience at that moment including sight, sound, emotion, thought and the impulse of the moment.
  • This will get rid of any nervousness they have been feeling.

Example: Painful childhood memories haunt an individual who constantly focuses on them. Everything they went through at that time is clear as day to them. Following constant experience, the recollection lessens the pain and thereby decreasing the craving for alcohol or drugs.

  • Schedule for Pleasant Activities
  • Enjoyable activities which can help break up regular routines can be learned by people simply by making a list of the healthy activities because the technique requires them to do so.
  • The tasks included should encourage positive emotions while being uncomplicated and easy to perform.
  • The need to use drugs or alcohol can be reduced with the help of these activities since they will help to curb the negative thoughts that tend to creep up automatically.

Example: An accountant who is feeling overworked could schedule a few minutes of relaxation everyday during his work hours instead of drinking while working. They may choose to use that time to listen to some music or read on something interesting.


How Cognitive-Behavioural Therapies Differ From Other Psychotherapies

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy provides a perfect alternative to less effective and engaging treatment techniques.

Addicts in treatment are expected to go beyond just talking to the therapist during the CBT sitting and the therapist is not just a passive listener. The addicts and the therapists will be working with each other to treat the addiction.

The foundation of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy focuses on action-based treatment, which will be rapid. Most of the 60 - 90 day rehab programs have CBT as a component that equips addicts with immediate techniques to help in coping.

Other psychotherapy approaches could take up to a number of years to produce results. In sharp contrast, CBT just requires 16 sessions before meaningful results can be seen.

CBT therapy can be adapted to make it effective in outpatient or inpatient programs as well as in counselling sessions for groups or an individual. A lot of rehabilitation facilities and addiction therapists use CBT as a part of their treatment programs.